Ethiopian Coffee (Buna) Recipe

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What is Ethiopian Coffee (Buna)?

Ethiopian Coffee, locally known as ""Buna,"" holds a rich cultural significance as Ethiopia is often considered the birthplace of coffee. Coffee has deep roots in Ethiopian traditions, where the coffee ceremony, a ritualistic preparation and consumption of coffee, is a cherished social and cultural practice. Ethiopian coffee is renowned for its exceptional flavor diversity, with distinct coffee varieties grown across various regions, each offering unique tasting notes and characteristics.

How to Prepare Ethiopian Coffee (Buna) in a Traditional Coffee Ceremony:

Participating in an Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony provides an immersive and memorable experience. Here's a glimpse into the traditional preparation of Ethiopian Coffee:


  • Green coffee beans, freshly roasted (preferably Ethiopian coffee beans)
  • Water
  • Jebena (traditional Ethiopian coffee pot)
  • Metal sieve
  • Small cups for serving
  • Optional: frankincense or other incense


  1. Roast the green coffee beans in a pan over an open flame until they turn dark and aromatic. The coffee beans are then ground to a medium-coarse consistency using a mortar and pestle.
  2. Fill the Jebena with water and bring it to a boil over hot coals or a stove. Traditionally, three rounds of boiling are performed.
  3. Add the freshly ground coffee to the Jebena and let it simmer in the water for a few minutes.
  4. As the coffee brews, the host may burn frankincense or other incense to enhance the ambiance.
  5. After the coffee has brewed, it is carefully poured through a metal sieve into small cups, signifying three rounds: Abol (the first round, which is the strongest), Tona (the second round), and Baraka (the third round, which is the mildest).
  6. Each guest is served a cup of Ethiopian coffee, and the ceremony fosters warm hospitality and social bonding.

The Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony offers a profound cultural experience, fostering connections among participants and celebrating the rich heritage and artistry associated with coffee in Ethiopia.